Hurricane Earl was the deadliest Atlantic hurricane to impact Mexico since Hurricane Stan in 2005. The fifth named storm and second hurricane of the 2016 Atlantic hurricane season, Earl formed from a tropical wave south of Jamaica on August 2. The precursor to Earl brought torrential rainfall and flooding to the Lesser Antilles. Upon classification, tropical storm warnings were issued for the coastal areas of Belize, Honduras, and the southern portion of the Yucatán Peninsula. The warnings were extended and upgraded when Earl reached hurricane status. On August 4, Earl made landfall south of Belize City. Upon landfall, some of the warnings were discontinued. Following this, Earl exited in the Bay of Campeche and followed the coastline as it restrengthened slightly. This prompted more tropical storm warnings for the Mexican coast.
Prior to Earl becoming a tropical cyclone, 13 people died in storm-related incidents across the Dominican Republic. Striking Belize as a Category 1, the hurricane caused extensive damage; losses to agriculture exceeded US$100 million. Heavy rain in Mexico triggered many landslides, several of which proved fatal in the states of Puebla, Hidalgo, and Veracruz; at least 54 people died in the country. Lesser effects were felt in neighboring countries in Central America.